National Security Bureau (Republic of China)

National Security Bureau (Republic of China)

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This article is about intelligence agency of the Republic of China. For Polish government agency, seeNational Security Bureau (Poland).

Bureau of Investigation and Statistics

Chou Mei-wu (), Kuo Chung-hsin (), Wang Teh-ling (), Deputy Director-General

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TheNational Security Bureau of the Republic of China(NSB;Chinese:;pinyin:Zhnghu Mngu Guji nqunj) is the principal intelligence (includingmilitary intelligence) agency of the Republic of China.

The organization was created in 1955 by a ROC Presidential Directive fromChiang Kai-shek, to supervise and coordinate all security-related administrative organizations, military agencies andKMTorganizations in Taiwan. Earlier, the bureau was nicknamed Taiwans KGB or TKGB.

The first Director-General of National Security Bureau was an army three-star general Cheng Jie-min (zh:), with a background in military intelligence, who once was the deputy of the controversialBureau of Investigation and Statisticsof theNational Military Council. (TheMilitary-Statistics Bureau(zh:) served underDai Li(zh:), and even assumed command the Military-Statistics Bureau after the death of Dai Li in March 1946. As a result, the National Security Bureau is often seen as one of several successors tothe Military-Statistics Bureau.)

Initially, National Security Bureau did not have its own field officers or operatives. However, in order to strengthen its ability to guide and coordinate other intelligence agencies, NSB soon developed its own field intelligence officers and training pool.

On 1 January 1994, shortly after the respective organic laws of theNational Security Counciland NSB were promulgated by the order of the ROC PresidentLee Teng-huion 30 December 1993, the National Security Bureau became a legal institution.

Though a few known intelligence failures of the National Security Bureau have surfaced in recent years, supporters have pointed out that the agency rarely, if ever, publicizes any successful operations.

On 1 June 2000, a former NSB official[2]who was a retired one-star army general made a personal visit to thePRCand was detained three days later by the PRCMinistry of State Security.

A former chief cashier of NSB, Liu Kuan-chun (), was suspected of embezzling more than NT$192 million (US$5.65 million) from a batch of money returned from Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 4 April 1999. According to the National Bureau of Investigation, Ministry of Justice, Liu left the country on 3 September 2000, forShanghai, PRC. He reappeared inBangkokin January 2002 and then went to North America. Liu is still on the run.[3]

In the afternoon of 19 March 2004, PresidentChen Shui-bian(zh:) and Vice PresidentAnnette Lu(zh:) were wounded by gunfire on the day before the presidential election, while they were campaigning on the streets of Tainan City. This failed assassination attempt, so called3-19 shooting incident, caused shocks in Taiwan, including a serious personnel review in the community of intelligence and security. Nine officials were impeached for dereliction of duty by theControl Yuan.[4]Among those were former National Security Bureau (NSB) chief Tsai Chao-ming (), former deputy chief of the NSB special service center Chiu Chung-nan (). The Control Yuan said in an impeachment report that the National Security Bureau had received information on 18 March 2004 about a possible attack on the president, but did not take the intelligence seriously.[5]

In 2004, formerUS State DepartmentDeputy Assistant Secretary Donald W. Keyser has been arrested by theFBIfor illegally handing over documents to two Taiwanese NSB officials who served as intelligence liaison officers in USA. Immediately, the director general of NSB, General Hsueh Shih-ming (zh:), had recalled crucial intelligence agents from the United States.[6]

The loyalty of NSB officials to theDPPadministration is constantly questioned. Traditionally, career personnel oflaw enforcement, intelligence agencies, military organizations in Taiwan are labeled as pro-KMTorpan-bluebecause most of them have been lifelongKMTmembers. However, National Security Bureau has been attacked by the opposition parties, includingKMTandPFP, for alleged power abuse under the DPP administration. Despite statements from several NSB Directors General on the political neutrality of the organization, some controversial events have still occurred.

In 2004, Chen Feng-lin (), a colonel of the National Security Bureaus Special Service Centers logistics department confessed[7]that he leaked classified information regarding security measures at PresidentChen Shui-bians residence as well as the presidents itinerary to Peng Tzu-wen (), a former director of the center who retired as a major general. Peng, a retired one-star general, revealed on TV that he would not take a bullet for President Chen. In August 2005, Peng Tzu-wen was indicted[8]for leaking national secrets on TV and for potentially puttingChens life in jeopardy.

The National Security Bureau is subordinate to theNational Security Council(NSC). Under the chain of command, the NSC is under the direct administration of the President. However, the Director-General of the National Security Bureau usually can and does report directly to the President, bypassing the NSC.

Traditionally, the successive bureau chiefs were exclusively military officers with the rank of three-star general, though this has changed in recent years. In 2003, PresidentChen Shui-bianappointed Wang Jim-wong(), a former Director-General ofNational Police Agencywith a career police background, to the post of NSB Deputy Director-General. In 2007, Hsu Hui-you(), a former judge from the Taipei district court, former Director-General of the Coast Guard Administration, and at the time the Deputy Director-General of NSB, replaced a three-star army general (Hsueh Shi-ming) as the first civilian Director-General of National Security Bureau.

As result of institutionalizing operations, the NSB now has six intelligence-related divisions --

Intelligence within the area ofPeoples Republic of China

Intelligence within the area of Taiwan

Analysis of the nations strategic intelligence

Scientific and technological intelligence and telecommunications security

Control and development of secret codes and facilities

This is also a special feature of the NSB since martial law was lifted. In addition to managing intelligence relevant to national security, it also takes charge of planning special tasks and is responsible for guiding, coordinating, and supporting the intelligence affairs in military and civil categories:

The Military Intelligence Bureau, General Staff Headquarters,Ministry of National Defense(MND)

Office of Telecommunication Development, General Staff Headquarters,Ministry of National Defense(MND)

General Political Warfare Bureau,Ministry of National Defense(MND)

The Military Security General Corps, General Staff Headquarters, MND (Formerly, the Counter Intelligence General Corps of General Political Warfare Bureau, NMD)

The Military Police Command,Ministry of National Defense(MND)

TheNational Police Agencyof the Ministry of the Interior

TheNational Immigration Agencyof the Ministry of the Interior

Bureau of Investigationof the Ministry of Justice

TheCoast Guard AdministrationofExecutive Yuan.

National Security Council (Republic of China)

Hsu, Brian (July 24, 2000).Ting will stay despite NSB upheaval. Taipei Times. p.3.

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Yiu, Cody (September 28, urt clears Hsu of embezzling secret diplomatic fund. Taipei Times. p.1.

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Wu, Debby (July 7, 2004).Security chiefs impeached for failures on March 19. Taipei Times. p.3.

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Wu, Debby (July 8, 2004).NSB alerted to attack on Chen: report. Taipei Times. p.1.

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Lin, Chieh-yu (September 19, 2004).Officials pull spy team from US. Taipei Times. p.3.

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Chuang, Jimmy (September 9, 2004).Presidential Office leak discovered. Taipei Times. p.1.

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STAFF WRITER (October 22, 2005).Former top security chief reprimanded in court by judge. Taipei Times. p.2.

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Official site of ROC National Security Bureau

Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology

Taiwan Strait crises (1955/1958/1996)

Argentina:Direccin Nacional de Inteligencia Criminal

Australia:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission

Bangladesh:Criminal Investigation Department

Canada:Criminal Intelligence Service Canada

Finland:National Bureau of Investigation

India:Central Bureau of Investigation


South Africa:Crime Intelligence Division

Espionage(List of intelligence agencies)

Surveillance issues in smart cities

Articles containing Chinese-language text

Articles with Chinese (Taiwan)-language external links

This page was last modified on 26 April 2016, at 10:48.

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National Security Bureau (Republic of China) From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core This article is about intelligence agency of the Republic of China. For Polish government agency, seeNational Security Bureau (Poland). Bureau of I